Incorporated cities in Texas with populations less than 5,000 are classified as General Law Cities and are divided into types A, B and C. Hico is a Type A General Law City. The ordinance making authority available to a General Law City is limited by the State Legislature. General Law Cities, so to speak, function as wards of the state. Once a city's population exceeds 5,000, an election can be called and the citizens can vote for the city to become a Home Rule City. Such cities are governed by a charter and have much broader ordinance making authority. Once established, a city retains Home Rule status even should its population dip below 5,000.
The Constitutional provisions, codes and statutes which govern the actions of Texas municipalities can be accessed through this search engine . The Local Government Code and the Government Code affect more areas of municipal operations than do the other codes.
The following document is posted for its historical value in providing a glimpse into the technology, issues, culture and organizational structure of late 19th century Hico. Other historical ordinances can be accessed through the above "Ordinances" link.