Hico, Texas:

The Business Emporium

A Chronological History

by Michael Leamons


Bibliography


Documentary resources:

  1. Potential of Radar Imaging and Sounding Methods in Mapping Heavily Eroded Impact Craters: Mapping Some Structural Elements of the Hico Crater, TX by E. Heggy, F. Horz, A. M. Reid, S. A. Hall and C. Chan, Lunar and Planetary Institute, TX, Lunar and Planetary Science, XXXV (2004).
  2. "Mt. Zion School District", Bosque County: Land and People (A History of Bosque County, Texas) by Bosque County History Book Committee, 1985, page 56.
  3. Topographical Description of Texas by George William Bonnell, Texian Press, 1840, page 46.
  4. The Story of Texas by William Thomas Carter, Texas Dept. of Agriculture, 1909, pages 55-57.
  5. Old Hico on Honey Creek by Oran Jo Pool, The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 67, July 1963-April, 1964, pages 485-490.
  6. "HAMILTON COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online, John Leffler, Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  7. "The History of Hico, Texas" written for the Hico News Review in 1927 by Juddie Martin.
  8. 1860 United States Census, Hamilton County, Texas.
  9. "John McLain Faggard Obituary," typewritten copy of an obituary apparently originally published in a Portales, New Mexico newspaper circa March 5, 1912 as posted at "sreedy1 family tree" on ancestry.com.
  10. "People and Places: Gazetteer of Hamilton County, TX" by Elreeta Crain Weathers, B.A., M. Ed.
  11. "Zachariah Hardin Medford" findagrave.com memorial created by Harry and Jo Potter Vallance.
  12. Hamilton County Deed Records, Vol. E, Page 20.
  13. Austin's Old Three Hundred : The First Anglo Colony in Texas by Russell Autrey, 1999.
  14. Hamilton County Deed Records, Vol. K, Pages 366-367
  15. "Mary Ellen Medford Owen" findagrave.com memorial created by Harry and Jo Potter Vallance.
  16. Soldiers and Their Deeds Compiled by W. Straley, Editor, Hico News-Review, 1913.
  17. "Exciting Indian Story", The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 51, No. 305, Ed. 1 Monday, January 23, 1893, page 6.
  18. "Letter from Commander at Fort Graham," Tri-Weekly State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 24, Ed. 1 Monday, January 26, 1852, page 4.
  19. "Caddo Voices---Twenty Years Without a Home, 1836-1859," Texasbeyondhistory.net website.
  20. Stephenville by Ricky L. Sherrod, Arcadia Publishing, 2011 .
  21. "Trouble at Stephenville," The Weekly Telegraph (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 22, No. 4, Ed. 1 Wednesday, April 9, 1856, page 2.
  22. "Oldest Living Native--Born Erath County," The Stephenville Empire-Tribune, Friday, January 31, 1936, 66th Anniversary Edition.
  23. Comanches: The Destruction of a People, by T. R. Fehrenbach, Alfred A. Knopf, 1974, page 428.
  24. "Frontier Sketches, No. 1," The Weekly Telegraph (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 26, No. 2, Ed. 1 Tuesday, March 27, 1860, page 1, by Noriam Reilloc (apparent alias for Frank "Marion Collier" and substantial reprint of the 1858 account found in the article referenced immediately below).
  25. "The Horrid Tragedies on the Frontier," State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 9, No. 26, Ed. 1, Saturday, February 13, 1858, page 3, by F. M. Collier.
  26. The West Texas Frontier, by Joseph Carroll McConnell, Gazette Print, 1933.
  27. "Indian Raids in Erath and Adjoining Counties" by D. T. DeShields, Indian Depredations in Texas, by J. W. Wilbarger, Eakin Press, Statehouse Books, 1889, pgs 498-501.
  28. Buck Barry, Texas Ranger and Frontiersman, by James Buckner Barry, edited by James K. Greer, published by University of Nebraska Press, Oct 1, 1984, pages 101-102.
  29. Population reports . Decade related population figures were taken from U.S. Census Reports; estimates were taken from newspaper trade reports containing population and circulation estimates for various locals.
  30. "Hico" by Dr. J. R. Alford, published, then republished, in the Hico News Review in 1909 and July 25, 1990, respectively.
  31. Charles Goodnight: Cowman & Plainsman, by J. Evetts Haley, University of Oklahoma Press, 1949.
  32. Notes from an interview with J. J. Smith by Oran Jo Pool on file at the Briscoe History Center.
  33. Indian fights on the Texas frontier. A true account of the last exciting encounters with Redskins in Hamilton, Comanche, Brown, Erath and adjoining counties as recorded by E.L. Deaton, a Texan of pioneer days
  34. "Hico--land of legends," Hico News-Review, Special 100th Old Settler's Anniversary Edition, page 23.
  35. "The History of Education in Hamilton County" a thesis presented to the faculty of Baylor University by Leila Davis Craddock, Waco, Texas, August, 1953.
  36. The Settlers' War: The Struggle for the Texas Frontier in the 1860s, by Gregory Michno,University of Nebraska Press, Aug 15, 2011, page 25.
  37. "Family ties branch from pioneer ministers" by Doug McDonough, myplainview.com, Sept. 6, 2009
  38. "Isaac H. Reed" The Sons of the Republic of Texas Turner Publishing Company, 2001, pages 143-144 .
  39. "Letter to the Editor from Hamilton by Observer", The Belton Democrat (Belton, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 51, Ed. 1 Friday, March 8, 1861, page 2 .
  40. Journal of the Secession Convention, page 89.
  41. "Mass Meeting in Hamilton County", State Gazette. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 31, Ed. 1 Saturday, March 9, 1861, page 4 .
  42. "A Biographical Sketch of James A. McBarron", by Michael Leamons.
  43. "History of the Reed Family from 1776-1938", by James Reed of Dublin Texas from 1933-38, published in numerous family trees on www.ancestry.com.
  44. "William B. Reed", Linda Weatheread's Genealogy Homepage .
  45. "History of Dove Creek Indian Fight", signed manuscript by J. R. Alford in private possession of J. J. Smith, Hico, Texas in 1954.
  46. "Indian News," The Civilian and Gazette. Weekly. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 23, No. 43, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 29, 1861, page 1.
  47. The Cage House Archives, original materials gathered by Cindy and Larry Bicket, "Portrait of Janie: A Pioneer Woman," by Mary Rauworth, 2105 Washington Avenue, Santa Monica, CA 90403.
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  49. "Condensed Correspondence," The Weekly Telegraph (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 29, No. 36, Ed. 1 Tuesday, December 1, 1863, page 2.
  50. "Witness at Dove Creek Battle Scene," by Juddie Martin, Clifton Record, June 16, 1933.
  51. "The Battle of Dove Creek", by William C. Pool, The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 53, July 1949 - April, 1950, pages 367-385 .
  52. "The Battle of Dove Creek---The Battle That Should Not Have Been" by Tom Ashmore (published on the internet).
  53. "The Battle of Dove Creek", The Kickapoos: Lords of the Middle Border (Civilization of the American Indian Series) by Arrell M. Gibson, Univ. of Oklahoma Press, April 1, 1975.
  54. "The Late Indian Fight," Dallas Herald, Vol. 12, No. 26, Ed. 1 Thursday, February 23, 1865, page 2.
  55. "Kickapoo Counterattack at Dove Creek", by David F. Crosby, December 1999 issue of Wild West, pages 50-54,81.
  56. "The Battle of Dove Creek: 4,000 Indians Attacked by 600 Texans," by Judge I. B. Ferguson, January 6, 1865.
  57. The Indian Papers of Texas and the Southwest, 1825-1916, Volume 4, by Dorman H. Winfrey, James M. Day,Texas State Historical Association, 1995, page 164.
  58. "John Durham "Bud" Hollis" memorial at Findagrave.com by Bill McCarty.
  59. "Ike Malone, Westerner" by Steven D. Malone, True West Magazine, February, 1993.
  60. Legends of Dublin, by Jon Anthony Awbrey and the Dublin Citizen, "Kuykendalls combat Comanches, Kickapoos, pages 7-9.
  61. "McLean, Thomas F. M. (Bison, Bise)" Encyclopedia of Frontier Biography, Vol. II by Paul Thropp, University of Nebraska Press, 1988.
  62. "Who Was M.A. Fuller on the Old Hico Plaque?" by Nora Sue Mercer T. Hamilton, Texas State Genealogical Society. Stirpes, Volume 35, Number 3, September, 1995, Frances Pryor, editor, pages 58-59 .
  63. Caddo Indians: Where We Come from by Cecile Elkins Carter, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, 1928.
  64. A History of Hamilton County, Texas Copyright 1979 by the Hamilton County Historical Commission. Printed Taylor Publishing Company, Dallas, Texas.
  65. "Persons of Historical Interest in Hico" Column, Hico News Review, by Mary Huggins.
  66. "GOODNIGHT-LOVING TRAIL," by T. C. Richardson, Handbook of Texas Online, uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  67. "Shipman Tabor and Descendants," at Thomas Byers' Tabor Tree 1-0001, posted at ancestry.com
  68. Hamilton County Deed Records, Vol. D, page 205.
  69. H. A. J. Snellings Obituary, published in the Fort Worth Daily Gazette, (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 15, No. 65, Ed. 1, Friday, December 19, 1890, page 6
  70. Memorial for Henry Andrew Jackson Snellings posted on findagrave.com.
  71. Dr. James Hopkins Wysong, M.D., Sc. D., Ph. D, History of Texas, Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Co., 1896, pages 260-261 .
  72. Dr. John Rankin Alford Obituary, Dallas Morning News, April 8, 1928 .
  73. "Old Hico" by Ursie Alford as quoted on the www.alfordassociation.org website.
  74. "Segrist To Be Honored at Fair", Stephenville Empire-Tribune, September 23, 1975.
  75. "Early Days In Hamilton County" by Tom Stinnett, Frontier Times Magazine, Vol. 13, No. 9, June 1936, pages 450-451.
  76. "A History of Hamilton County" by Oran Jo Pool, B.A. Master of Arts Thesis, University of Texas, August, 1954.
  77. "Texas Items," The Houston Telegraph (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 37, No. 39, Ed. 1 Thursday, January 18, 1872, page 11.
  78. Hamilton County District Court Records.
  79. "Annette's Family Tree (1)," posted at Ancestry.com and page 50 of the 1870 census of Bosque County, Texas.
  80. Texas Ranger N. O. Reynolds, the Intrepid, by Chuck Parsons and Donaly E. Brice, University of North Texas Press, Aug 15, 2014 , pages 103, 11 and 118.
  81. Frontier Postmasters, by Homer Stephen, Dublin Press, 1952, page 90.
  82. The Life of John Wesley Hardin, by John Wesley Hardin, published by Smith and Moore, Seguin, Texas, 1896.
  83. Journal of the Constitutional Convention of the State of Texas, pages 455 &541, printed for the Convention at the "News" office, Galveston, 1875.
  84. "Hamilton County: Granbury Vidette", The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 35, No. 290, Ed. 1 Sunday, February 25, 1877, page 2.
  85. "Rawls Family Tree," by Hoober Doober, at ancestry.com.
  86. Dr. J. B. Cranfill's Chronicle: A Story of Life in Texas, by James Britton Cranfill, Fleming H. Revell Company, 1916, pages 221-238.
  87. "Brown-Sellers Family Tree," by bwheaton168 at ancestry.com. Record of account by W. B. Friend, son of the Sheriff who arrested Babb after the Stull murder.
  88. _Alabama, Texas and Virginia Confederate Pensions, 1884-1958, John Mayfield, file 18098.
  89. The Daily Banner. (Brenham, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 7, Ed. 1 Wednesday, January 8, 1879, page 1.
  90. "Burnet---Charged with Murder," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 40, No. 11, Ed. 1 Tuesday, April 5, 1881, page 1.
  91. "Roger Whitley.FTWR" by rwhitley 51, at ancestry.com.
  92. "Lynched," Fort Worth Daily Gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 8, No. 265, Ed. 1, Monday, September 29, 1884, page 1.
  93. "Whitlock, Blackmon, Rogers Family Tree" by Debra Rodgers Blackmon on ancestry.com, Comments by Zena Fay of Oak Park, Illinois added on Dec. 30, 2013 who visited with the great-granddaughter of the man who was hanged, William Jesse Green. Her grandfather, William Jesse Green, Jr. told her the story.
  94. "Mystery Surrounds Ranch Hand's Death," The Crosbyton Review. (Crosbyton, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 20, Ed. 1 Friday, May 23, 1919, page 1.
  95. "Four Men Arrested on Charge of Murder," Denison Daily News. (Denison, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 99, Ed. 1 Tuesday, June 18, 1878, page 4.
  96. "Roy Bean Had Vast Influence on Langtry," Del Rio News Herald, Del Rio, Texas, June 9, 1974, page 20.
  97. "Coryell County," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 35, No. 267, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 30, 1877, page 2.
  98. "Bill Babb: Letter in His Defense," Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 8, Number 28, 3 April 1879, page 2.
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  101. "A Dark Crime," The Waco Daily Examiner. (Waco, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 155, Ed. 1, Wednesday, December 11, 1878, page 4.
  102. "Feud in Coryell County Ends in a Massacre," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 37, No. 225, Ed. 1 Wednesday, December 11, 1878, page 1.
  103. "Callahan," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 38, No. 23, Ed. 1 Saturday, April 19, 1879, page 3.
  104. "Hico: Spotted Wheat, A Mill Enterprise, Cattle", The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 41, No. 31, Ed. 1 Thursday, April 27, 1882, page 1.
  105. "John Gaston Barbee, Hico Pioneer" by M.I. Knudsen, Texas State Genealogical Society. Stirpes, Volume 40, Number 2, June 2000, Frances Pryor, editor, pages 3-9 .
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  107. "Brief Centennial History of Hico Lodge No. 477, A. F. & A. M." by Donvaon Duncan Tidwell, Dec. 17, 1977.
  108. "The State Over---Hamilton County," The Dallas Weekly Herald. (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 24, No. 46, Ed. 1 Saturday, August 11, 1877, page 4.
  109. "Modern Eclipses, Part 3" by Norma Reiss posted on astronomytoday.com.
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  112. Brenham Weekly Banner. (Brenham, Tex.), Vol. 14, No. 2, Ed. 1, Friday, January 10, 1879, page 3.
  113. Hico Times, 1882. (As reprinted in the Brenham Weekly Independent. Vol. 1, No. 15, Ed. 1, Thursday, April 20, 1882, page 5).
  114. "Hamilton: Herald", The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 38, No. 4, Ed. 1 Friday, March 28, 1879, page 3.
  115. "A Phenomenon", Denison Daily News, Vol. 7, No. 144, August 21, 1879, page 4.
  116. "The Saga of the Carson Family of Brazos County, Texas", by Mark Carson. (A chapter is devoted to the John Gaston and Amelia Carson Barbee family.)
  117. "Texas Central Railroad," Handbook of Texas Online, John Leffler, Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  118. "1880-1968: The Arrival and Passing of the Railroad" Hico News Review, July 22, 1982, pages 1 and 8.
  119. Hamilton County Deed Records, Vol. Page .
  120. "John Joseph Applewhite" by C. E. Horten was copied in its entirety from the WPA Federal Writers Project.
  121. Notes from an interview with Lusk Randals by Oran Jo Pool on file at the Briscoe History Center.
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  123. "The Prosperous City of Hico" written and published by the editor of the Hico News Review in 1906, republished in the Hico News Review, July 22, 1982, page 7.
  124. "Capt. James C. Huchingson Obituary"posted on www.findagrave.com by Imassia.
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  126. Hamilton County Deed Records, Vol. _, Page__.
  127. Excerpt from the Hico Times in the Weekly Democratic Statesman. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 3, Ed. 1 Thursday, August 18, 1881, page 2
  128. Lone Star Justice : The First Century of the Texas Rangers, by Robert M. Utley, page 260.
  129. "Early Hico Churches", The Hico News Review, Vol. 98, Number 17, July 28, 1983.
  130. "Northern Men in Texas", The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 40, No. 175, Ed. 1 Thursday, October 13, 1881, page 2.
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  139. "An Incendiary Blaze", The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 41, No. 23, Ed. 1 Tuesday, April 18, 1882, page 4.
  140. "Hico: How Ralph Moeller Was Shot by Mistake", The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 41, No. 80, Ed. 1 Friday, June 23, 1882, page 1.
  141. "Monument to the Past", Stinnett published by Alan Ross, Vol. No. 1, Issue No. 1, 10-04-2002 (republication of an article from an unknown source).
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  143. Fort Worth Gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 15, No. 326, Ed. 1, Sunday, September 6, 1891, page 13, .
  144. Mayfield Hico News Review
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  150. List of the Mayors of Hico, Texas compiled by Michael Leamons .
  151. The Dallas Weekly Herald. (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 31, No. 51, Ed. 1 Thursday, June 8, 1882, page 3 .
  152. Notes from a February 7, 1954 interview with Mrs. Lusk Randals (nee Geneva Gleason) by Oran Jo Pool on file at the Briscoe History Center.
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  157. Unidentified newspaper clipping titled "Old-Timer Says Roy Bean Had Right Idea" from the Tobin and Anne Armstrong Texas Ranger Research Center file on Capt. B. D. Lindsey.
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  160. The Hico Church of Christ website.
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  167. "Biographical Sketch of Thomas B. Mothershead" by Michael Leamons .
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  173. "History of Pingree Grove" from the Village of Pingree Grove website
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  175. Hamilton County Deed Records, Vol. Page.
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  180. "Fence Cutters", The Dallas Daily Herald. (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 36, No. 173, Ed. 1 Thursday, May 7, 1885, page 4.
  181. A Standard History of Oklahoma, by Joseph B. Thoburn, Vol. IV, The American Historical Society, 1916, Chicago and New York, pages 1381-1382.
  182. "Horror at Hico," Austin Weekly Statesman. (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 15, No. 14, Ed. 1 Thursday, December 24, 1885, page 1.
  183. "Nineteenth-Century Universalist Evangelism: Connecticut to Texas, A Missionary Success Story" by Rev. Dr. Barbara Coeyman, UU Collegium, 2008.
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  187. _Woman in Sacred Song_compiled and edited by Evan Munson Smith, published 1888.
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  195. "A New Trial: Henderson Brumley Arrested on a Charge of Being One of a Gang of Train Robbers," Fort Worth Daily Gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 13, No. 179, Ed. 1, Saturday, January 28, 1888, page 8.
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  197. Rube Burrow, King of Outlaws and his band of train robbers, by G. W. Agee, December, 1890, Publishers, The Henneberry Company, Chicago.
  198. "Indian Fighter and Onetime Texas Ranger Observes His 84th Birthday at Brownwood," Dallas Morning News December 10, 1938.
  199. Rube Burrow, Desperado, by Rick Miller, 2014, iUniverse, LLC, Bloomington.
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  205. "Biographical Sketch of F. H. Snider" by Michael Leamons .
  206. Fort Worth Daily Gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 13, No. 218, Ed. 1, Wednesday, February 6, 1889
  207. February 7, 1889 letter from Mollie C. Richardson of Hico to Frank B. Clifton of Seven, Giles County, Tennessee.
  208. Brenham Weekly Banner. (Brenham, Tex.), Vol. 26, No. 52, Ed. 1, Thursday, December 31, 1891, page 6.
  209. Fort Worth Daily Gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 13, No. 266, Ed. 1, Thursday, July 4, 1889, page 3.
  210. "Masked Men: They Enter a Railway Office and Rob the Agent ---Bound and Gagged," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 48, No. 198, Ed. 1 Sunday, November 10, 1889, page 2.
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  212. "Sheriff's Department: Erath County", The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 48, No. 214, Ed. 1 Wednesday, November 27, 1889, page 2.
  213. "Sheriff's Department: Erath County", The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 48, No. 217, Ed. 1 Saturday, November 30, 1889, page 6.
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  216. Memorial for John Caudle posted on www.findagrave.com.
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  218. The San Saba News. (San Saba, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 47, Ed. 1, Friday, September 3, 1886, page 4.
  219. "Thomas Sellman" findagrave.com memorial.
  220. "A Prominent Citizen Killed", The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 47, No. 284, Ed. 1 Tuesday, February 5, 1889, page 2.
  221. Sanborn Map
  222. "Erath County Kin," rootsweb.com, by Randal Alan Farrar. (In his account, Farrar sites "A History of Erath County" an unpublished master's thesis, by M. L. Auten, Hardin-Simmons University in August, 1951, held at the Southwest Collection at Texas Tech University; 1860 and 1870 Erath County census records; page 503 of "Indian Depredations in Texas" by J. W. Wilbarger; "Erath County: A Compilation" an unpublished manuscript by Lena Lewis in 1938; and, pages 274-275 of "Strain of Violence" by Richard Maxwell Brown.)
  223. Findagrave.com memorial for Paul Henderson Brumley.
  224. Fort Worth Gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 16, No. 16, Ed. 1, Saturday, October 31, 1891, page 6 .
  225. "Chesley's Hamilton County Interviews," People and Places: Gazetteer of Hamilton County, TX published on the web by Elreeta Crain Weathers, B.A., M. Ed.
  226. "Hico," Fort Worth Daily Gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 14, No. 164, Ed. 1, Tuesday, March 25, 1890, page 7.
  227. "Hico Almost Wiped Out," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 49, No. 292, Ed. 1 Monday, February 16, 1891, page 1.
  228. Brenham Weekly Banner, April 2, 1891, Vol. 26, No. 14, Edition 1, page 2 .
  229. "Hico Has Another Blaze," The Dublin Progress. (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 3, No. 44, Ed. 1 Saturday, March 28, 1891, page 5.
  230. "Heavy Losses at Hico," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 50, No. 2, Ed. 1 Thursday, March 26, 1891, page 3.
  231. Fort Worth Gazette, Vol. 13, No. 19, Ed. 1, Thursday, April 16, 1891, page 3 . (date-line on article, April 10).
  232. "Texas Progress," Fort Worth Gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 15, No. 242, Ed. 1, Sunday, June 14, 1891, page 6.
  233. "News Brevities," The Dublin Progress. (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 5, Ed. 1 Saturday, June 27, 1891, page 1.
  234. Fort Worth Gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 15, No. 281, Ed. 1, Thursday, July 23, 1891.
  235. "From Carlton," The Dublin Progress. (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 7, Ed. 1 Saturday, July 11, 1891, page 5.
  236. "A Big Success," Fort Worth Gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 15, No. 289, Ed. 1, Friday, July 31, 1891, page 2.
  237. "Localettes," Fort Worth Gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 16, No. 10, Ed. 1, Sunday, October 25, 1891, page 2.
  238. "The Texas Central Railway," The Abilene Reporter (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 16, No. 37, Ed. 1 Friday, September 10, 1897, page 2.
  239. "Flames at Hico," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 50, No. 304, Ed. 1 Friday, January 22, 1892, page 2.
  240. Hamilton County Commissioners Court Minutes, Book 3, page 590.
  241. Written in Blood: The History of Fort Worth's Fallen Lawmen, Vol. I, 1861-1909 by Richard F. Selcer, Kevin S. Foster, University of North Texas Press, 2010, pages 134-159 .
  242. "Officer Waller Dead," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 51, No. 99, Ed. 1 Friday, July 1, 1892, page 4.
  243. Fort Worth Characters by Richard F. Selzer, University of North Texas Press, 2009, page 225.
  244. "Camp Meeting at Hico,"The Dublin Progress. (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 5, No. 10, Ed. 1 Friday, July 29, 1892, page 5.
  245. "Obituary of Mrs. Sarah Elizabeth Graves," The Abilene Reporter News, January 4 1916.
  246. "JONES, EVAN," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fjo48), Bruce Palmer. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on September 29, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  247. "The Hico Encampment," The Dublin Progress. (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 5, No. 16, Ed. 1 Friday, September 9, 1892, page 1.
  248. Greenbackers, Knights of Labor, and Populists: Farmer-Labor Insurgency in the Late-Nineteenth-Century South, Matthew Hild, University of Georgia Press, Feb 25, 2010, page 54.
  249. "Texas Returns--Hamilton County," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 53, No. 231, Ed. 1 Friday, November 9, 1894, page, 2.
  250. Naturalizing Mexican Immigrants: A Texas History, by Martha Menchaca, University of Texas Press, May 1, 2011, page 112.
  251. Red River Valley: Beyond Redemption: Texas Democrats After Reconstruction, by Patrick G. Williams, Texas A&M University Press, Feb 6, 2007, page 170.
  252. "Texas Delegates Speak Out," Southern Mercury. (Dallas, Tex.), Vol. 20, No. 11, Ed. 1 Thursday, March 15, 1900, page 1.
  253. Sanborn Map of Hico.
  254. "O. R. Morrison," Texas Legislators: Past & Present, Texas Legislative Reference Library.
  255. Report and Opinions of the Attorney General of the State of Texas, Texas. Attorney-General's OfficeVan Boeckmann-Jones Company, 1911, pages 592-593.
  256. "Hayes Here and There", website at hayeshereandthere.com devoted to a study of the Hayes Perkins biography and diaries.
  257. "Happy Hico," Fort Worth Gazette, Mailable Edition, March 12, 1893, Page 2 .
  258. "Catalogue of the Hico Normal College and Graded School, 1993-94" Published at the Democrat Office, Hico, Texas .
  259. "Texas School Journal," Vol. 11, No. 11, November, 1893, page 374, Texas Educational Journal Publishing Company.
  260. Fort Worth Gazette. (Fort Worth, Tex.), Vol. 17, No. 166, Ed. 1, Monday, May 1, 1893, page 1 .
  261. "Railroad News --- Hico Notes," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 52, No. 48, Ed. 1 Wednesday, May 10, 1893, page 6.
  262. Revised Ordinances of the City of Hico compiled and arranged by Langford and Van Steenwyk, Att'ys, August, 1893.
  263. "Onward", Vol. III, No. 18, June 5, 1896, page 70 [journal of the Universalist young people]
  264. Note posted on ancestry.com with source listed as Glenda Stone at the Dick Smith Library, Tarleton State Univ..
  265. Blue Star website.
  266. "Bill's Family History" , by Bill McDonald, family history and photos of the Wiesers, published on the Family Tree Maker website.
  267. "Ann E. IRMEN Memoir" as quoted by Heather McLeland Wieser on her website .
  268. "Wiesers Were Interested in Many Enterprises Early Days of County"Hamilton Herald News, 1958 Centenniel Edition.
  269. Electrical Engineering and Telephone Magazine, Vol. 14, page 126, July to December, 1899, Electrical Engineering Publishing Co., Marquette Building, Chicago.
  270. "The National Provisioner" Vol. 37, No. 4, Aug. 17, 1907, page 22, Food Trade Publishing Company, New York.
  271. "Electrical Review and Western Electrician", Vol. 64, page 1310, January 3 to June 27, 1914, Electric Review Publishing Co., Inc., Chicago.
  272. "The Grain and Dealers Journal", Volume 38, No. 1, January 10, 1917, page 588, Chicago, Illinois.
  273. Hamilton County Deed Records, Book 9, Page 41.
  274. "At Hico," Brownwood Bulletin. (Brownwood, Tex.), Vol. 9, No. 33, Ed. 1 Thursday, June 14, 1894, page 1.
  275. Hamilton County Deed Records, Book , Page .
  276. "History of the Hico News Review," Hico News Review, 1927, by John M. Aiton, reprinted, Reunion Supplement, Hico News Review, 1996.
  277. Fort Worth Gazette, March 5, 1896, Vol. 20, No. 83, Page 8 .
  278. "Hico," The Dublin Progress. (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 8, No. 40, Ed. 1 Friday, February 28, 1896, page 3.
  279. "Hico Devastated by Fire," The Dublin Progress. (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 9, No. 4, Ed. 1 Friday, June 19, 1896, page 5.
  280. "Jerome C. Kearby," The Dublin Progress. (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 9, No. 5, Ed. 1 Friday, June 26, 1896, page 7.
  281. "Hico Campmeeting," The Dublin Progress. (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 9, No. 11, Ed. 1 Friday, August 7, 1896, page 5.
  282. "Depot at Hico Burned," The Dublin Progress. (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 9, No. 13, Ed. 1 Friday, August 21, 1896, page 5.
  283. "Hico Goes Dry," Denton County News. (Denton, Tex.), Vol. 5, No. 20, Ed. 1 Thursday, September 17, 1896, page 4.
  284. Hamilton County Deed Records, Book 6, Page 396.
  285. Hamilton County Deed Records, Vol. 17, Page 276.
  286. Water works bid specifications and contract dated April 20, 1897 as kept in the City of Hico archives.
  287. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Hico City Council.
  288. The Southwestern Reporter, Volume 51, West Publishing Company, St. Paul, 1899, pages 381-382.
  289. "City Elections", The Waco Times-Herald, April 7, 1898 .
  290. "All Over Texas," Shiner gazette., March 07, 1906, page 6.
  291. "A Bloody Tragedy," The Dublin Progress. (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 25, Ed. 1 Friday, November 11, 1898, page 1.
  292. "Western Union Tel. Co. v Davis," The Southwestern Reporter, Volume 59, page 47.
  293. Tax Abatement Contract between the City of Hico and Winfield Scott dated December 12, 1898 kept in the City of Hico document archives.
  294. "Paint Oil and Drug Review" Vol. 27, No. 1, January 4, 1899, page 17, Trade Review Company, Chicago.
  295. "The National Provisioner" Vol. 37, No. 4, July 27, 1907, page 16, Food Trade Publishing Company, New York.
  296. Notes from a June 30, 1954 interview with Mae Dorsey Bates by Oran Jo Pool on file at the Briscoe History Center.
  297. "Brakeman Crushed to Death," The Dublin Progress. (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 46, Ed. 1 Friday, April 14, 1899, page 5.
  298. Memorial for J. C. Waller posted at www.findagrave.com.
  299. The Dublin Progress. (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 51, Ed. 1 Friday, May 12, 1899, page 5.
  300. Meridian Tribune. (Meridian, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 21, Ed. 1 Friday, November 2, 1900, page 1.
  301. "Trouble at Hico," The Dublin Progress. (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 5, Ed. 1 Friday, June 23, 1899, page 1.
  302. Shiner Gazette, December 13, 1899, page 8.
  303. Tolula A Cooper Dorsey Memorial at findagrave.com website.
  304. "Tyler Commercial College", Texas Historical Marker, 17351 at 109 South College Avenue, Tyler, Smith County, Texas.
  305. "Hamilton," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 40, No. 38, Ed. 1 Friday, May 6, 1881, page 3.
  306. "Local Brevities" The Waco Daily Examiner. (Waco, Tex.), Vol. 13, No. 301, Ed. 1, Thursday, February 23, 1882, page 3.
  307. "State News", Brenham Weekly Banner. (Brenham, Tex.), Vol. 17, No. 10, Ed. 1, Thursday, March 9, 1882, page 2.
  308. "State Press: What the Interior Papers Say," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 42, No. 38, Ed. 1 Sunday, April 29, 1883, page 2.
  309. "State Press: What the Interior Papers Say," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 43, No. 66, Ed. 1 Wednesday, May 28, 1884, page 4.
  310. Rowell's American Newspaper Directory , 1885, pages 517 and 1368.
  311. "Letter from Hico," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 44, No. 102, Ed. 1 Tuesday, August 4, 1885, page 6.
  312. "State Press: What the Interior Papers Say," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 44, No. 116, Ed. 1 Tuesday, August 18, 1885, page 5.
  313. "Kosse", The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 44, No. 119, Ed. 1 Friday, August 21, 1885, page 3.
  314. "State Press: What the Interior Papers Say," The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 44, No. 146, Ed. 1 Thursday, September 17, 1885, page 4.
  315. "Sanctum Talk", The Weatherford Enquirer. (Weatherford, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 52, Ed. 1 Thursday, November 26, 1891, page 2.
  316. "Local Items," page 5, The Dublin Progress, (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 2, Ed. 1 Friday, June 2, 1899.
  317. The Meridian Tribune. (Meridian, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 41, Ed. 1 Friday, March 21, 1902, page 4.
  318. The Caldwell News-Chronicle (Caldwell, Tex.), Vol. 20, No. 30, Ed. 1 Friday, December 15, 1899, page 6.
  319. "Purely, Personal," The Bastrop Advertiser (Bastrop, Tex.), Vol. 49, No. 4, Ed. 1 Saturday, January 25, 1902, page 3.
  320. "What Others Say," The Albany News. (Albany, Tex.), Vol. 19, No. 3, Ed. 1 Friday, June 13, 1902, page 3.
  321. The Dublin Progress. (Dublin, Tex.), Vol. 16, No. 7, Ed. 1 Friday, July 3, 1903, page 4.
  322. "New Incorporations," The Daily Express. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 42, No. 130, Ed. 1 Friday, May 10, 1907, page 3.
  323. Blood Legacy: The True Story of the Snow Axe Murders by James Pylant, Jacobus Books, an imprint of Datatrace Systems, Stephenville, Texas, 2007.
  324. "Campbell Bros. Circus Schedule for 1905, 1911 and 1912", at www.circushistory.org.
  325. "Excerpts from Billboard for 1904-1906 " at www.circushistory.org.
  326. "Fairbury: Home To Campbell Brothers Circus", at www.fairbury.com, the Fairbury, Nebraska website.
  327. "Hico industrious at turn of century," Centennial Reunion Special Edition, Hico News-Review, page 5.
  328. "The Hop Joints Are Gone," Hereford Reporter (Hereford, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 38, Ed. 1 Friday, November 8, 1901, page 6, from the Hico Vedette.
  329. "Verdict for Father," The Meridian Tribune. (Meridian, Tex.), Vol. 8, No. 16, Ed. 1 Friday, September 26, 1902, page 2.
  330. The Texas Civil Appeals Reports: Cases Argued and Determined in the Courts of Civil Appeals of the State of Texas, Volume 37, State of Texas, 1908 pages 607-610.
  331. Texas Reports: Cases Argued and Decided in the Supreme Court of the State of Texas, Volume 96, State of Texas, 1904, pages 468-471.
  332. U.S. Supreme Court COX v. STATE OF TEXAS, 202 U.S. 446 (1906), Argued and submitted April 27, 1906. Decided May 21, 1906.
  333. "Hico's Advance-Academy" by Ben Randals, Hico News-Review, August 13, 1909, Vol. 24, No. 3, page 1.
  334. The Plumb Line Laid to the Wall: Or, The Physical Laws Revealed in the Sacred Scriptures by Ben Randals, 1897, Nashville, Tennessee, Publishing House of the M. E. Church South .
  335. "Guide to the Lewis B. Miller Papers," Special Collections, Texas Christian University, Manuscript Group 16, compiled by Jensen Branscombe.
  336. Texas Historical Marker at the Millerville Cemetery, Erath County.
  337. "A Guide to the Lewis Bennett Miller Papers," Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.
  338. Saddles and Lariats: The Largely True Story of the Bar-circle Outfit, by Lewis B. Miller, The Page Company Publishers, Boston, 1909.
  339. "Big Loss by Fire at Hico," Meridian Tribune, October 16, 1903.
  340. "Mordecai Ham", Wikipedia.
  341. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 4 Page 34.
  342. "All Over Texas," Shiner Gazette. (Shiner, Tex.), Vol. 13, No. 34, Ed. 1, Wednesday, March 7, 1906, page 6.
  343. "The Life of Mrs. Billings," The Hico Weekly News, Friday, April 1, 1904.
  344. "James M. Cage" Texas Under Many Flags, Vol. III, pp. 149-150, Chicago: American Historical Society, 1930.
  345. "News of the Diamond: Three Good Games Between Angelo and Hico", The San Angelo Press. (San Angelo, Tex.), Vol. 8, No. 20, Ed. 1, Thursday, May 19, 1904, page 6.
  346. "Veterans of Four Counties", The Schulenburg Sticker (Schulenburg, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 3, Ed. 1 Thursday, August 18, 1904, page 1.
  347. "Fond Memories of Hico Shared with Louise Blair in a Recent Letter from Zora Fiedler," Hico News-Review, 104th Old Settlers Reunion Edition, Wednesday, July 25, 1990.
  348. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 4, Page 52.
  349. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 4, Page 64.
  350. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 4, Page 67.
  351. The Texas Criminal Reports, Cases Argued and Adjudged in the Court of Criminal Appeals of the State of Texas, Vol. 51, published 1908, pages 637-641.
  352. A History of Hamilton County, Texas Vol. II Published by the Hamilton County Historical Commission, 1999.
  353. Conversation with Bob Bates on September 16, 2014.
  354. "Catholic church has interesting bell" December 8, 1908, Hico News Review, republished July 25, 1990 in the Hico News Review, Hico Update Reunion Memories, page 4B.
  355. "Cotton -- Hico's leading industry in 1908" 101st Old Settlers Reunion Edition, Hico, News Review (with information taken from a 1908 Hico News Review article).
  356. The Grand Prairie Years: A Biography of W. C. Perry by Ron Arnold, published by Dodd, Mead, Inc. New York.
  357. "Papers on the cotton boll weevil and related and associated insects." USDA, Bureau of Entomology, Bulletin #63, page 10.
  358. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 4, Page 87.
  359. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 4, Page 115.
  360. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 4, Page 119.
  361. "Great Day at Hamilton", The Cass County Sun (Linden, Tex.), Vol. 33, No. 2, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 14, 1908, page 2.
  362. "Erath County", Handbook of Texas Online, by Dan M. Young, uploaded June 12, 2010, published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  363. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 4, Page 118.
  364. The Carbon News (Carbon, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 25, Ed. 1 Friday, February 21, 1908, page 4.
  365. The Carbon News (Carbon, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 26, Ed. 1 Friday, February 28, 1908, page 4, reprinted from the Hico News Review.
  366. The Carbon News (Carbon, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 29, Ed. 1 Friday, March 20, 1908, page 1.
  367. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 4, Page 121.
  368. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 4, Page 127.
  369. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 4, Page 130.
  370. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 4, Page 133.
  371. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 4, Page 165.
  372. History page of the Hico VFD website.
  373. "Hico's Commercial Club", The Temple Daily Telegram (Temple, Tex.), Vol. 3, No. 169, Ed. 1 Friday, June 3, 1910, page 4.
  374. "Hamilton Expects Big Crowd at Her Picnic", The Temple Daily Telegram. (Temple, Tex.), Vol. 3, No. 154, Ed. 1 Tuesday, May 17, 1910, page 4.
  375. "Dr. J. H. Wysong Was Pioneer Physician Serving Hico Area" copy taken from Hico News Review files, republished, Hico News Review, July 22, 1982, page 4.
  376. "The Segrist Farm and Family Heritage" Hico Historic Preservation Association Preservation Outline, notes associated with photos 20-22.
  377. "Flood Damage at Hico," The Carbon News (Carbon, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 35, Ed. 1 Thursday, April 30, 1908, page 1.
  378. "Heaviest Rain in Years," The Carbon News (Carbon, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 34, Ed. 1 Friday, April 24, 1908, page 2.
  379. "Dallas in Grasp of the Flood," The Weekly Democrat-Gazette (McKinney, Tex.), Vol. 25, No. 17, Ed. 1 Thursday, May 28, 1908, page 1.
  380. The Carbon News (Carbon, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 40, Ed. 1 Thursday, June 4, 1908, page 4.
  381. The Carbon News (Carbon, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 49, Ed. 1 Thursday, August 6, 1908, page 4.
  382. Jefferson Jimplecute (Jefferson, Tex.), Vol. 41, No. 15, Ed. 1, Friday, October 2, 1908, page 4 .
  383. "Chas. Malone Killed by J. W. Caraway Saturday Night" August 13, 1909, Vol. 24, No. 3, The Hico News-Review, page 1.
  384. "Carraway Acquitted of Charge of Murder" October 1, 1909, Vol. 24, No. 10, The Hico News-Review, page 1.
  385. "Hico Didn't Look Good To Coons," The Carbon News (Carbon, Tex.), Vol. 9, No. 12, Ed. 1 Thursday, November 25, 1909, page 1.
  386. The Carbon News (Carbon, Tex.), Vol. 9, No. 14, Ed. 1 Thursday, December 9, 1909, page 2.
  387. "Texas Central Railroad", Handbook of Texas On-line, John Leffler, Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  388. "Hico Offers to Take It If Hamilton Does Not", The Temple Daily Telegram. (Temple, Tex.), Vol. 3, No. 127, Ed. 1 Friday, April 15, 1910, page 1.
  389. Engineering and Contracting, Vol. 34, The Myron C. Clark Publishing Company, 355 Dearborn Street, Chicago, Illinois, page 35.
  390. "Victory for Pros," The Bryan Daily Eagle and Pilot (Bryan, Tex.), Vol. FIFTEENTH YEAR, No. 238, Ed. 1 Friday, September 9, 1910, page 4.
  391. "William Wilson Straley" by William Wilson Straley, April 29, 1941. The original manuscript consisting of a cover letter, the referenced autobiographical sketch and a brief history of the Archeaological Bulletin is in the possession of Baylor University.
  392. Pioneer sketches, Nebraska and Texas, by W. Straley, Hico, Texas, Hico Printing Co., 1915 .
  393. "My Main Page" by Dan Page at www.rootsweb.com.
  394. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 1, Page 243.
  395. The Egg Reporter, Volume XIX, Waterloo, Iowa, November 6, 1913 No. 10, page 29.
  396. Quotes from the original Hico Chamber of Commerce "History" page from source or sources unknown. The other statements of fact included on that page have been substantiated by primary sources.
  397. Tyrrell Historical Library Digital Collections, Eleanor Woods Lavelle Papers, Beaumont, Texas . Quotation from Tom Woods' April 5, 1918 letter to Lottye.
  398. "Hico's Oldest Business Closes After 41 Years" Hico News Review, 1959, as republished July 25, 1985.
  399. "Burkburnett Field Shows Increase in Total Production," San Antonio Express. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 54, No. 88, Ed. 1 Sunday, March 30, 1919, page 65.
  400. "Hamilton County Operations", Temple Daily Telegram (Temple, Tex.), Vol. 12, No. 141, Ed. 1 Wednesday, April 9, 1919, page 3.
  401. "West Texas Chamber of Commerce---Hico Business Men to Work for Better Roads," by W. Hamilton Wright, Publicity Manager, Texas Trade Review and Industrial Record, Volume 25, Number 23, Dallas, Texas, December 15, 1920.
  402. "Classifieds", San Antonio Express. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 54, No. 278, Ed. 1 Wednesday, October 8, 1919, page 20.
  403. "State News", The Meridian Tribune (Meridian, Tex.), Vol. 25, No. 45, Ed. 1 Friday, April 16, 1920, page 6.
  404. "ADAIR, ANTHONY GARLAND," Handbook of Texas Online, Willena C. Adams, accessed September 27, 2014. Uploaded on June 9, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  405. The Meridian Tribune (Meridian, Tex.), Vol. 27, No. 46, Ed. 1 Friday, April 28, 1922, page 4.
  406. "Editor Aiton and Newspaper Sons", Brownwood Bulletin (Brownwood, Tex.), Vol. 24, No. 126, Ed. 1 Tuesday, March 11, 1924, page 5.
  407. "The Hico Churches," Hico News Review, 1996 Reunion Edition reprint of a 1927 article.
  408. "Laney Well No. 2 Drilling at 1200 Feet", The Meridian Tribune (Meridian, Tex.), Vol. 27, No. 32, Ed. 1 Friday, January 13, 1922, page 1.
  409. "Laney Well to Be Given a Real Test", The Meridian Tribune (Meridian, Tex.), Vol. 28, No. 43, Ed. 1 Friday, March 30, 1923, page 1.
  410. "Six Wells to Be Drilled Near Hico", The Meridian Tribune (Meridian, Tex.), Vol. 28, No. 51, Ed. 1 Friday, May 25, 1923, page 1.
  411. "Laney Wells" Charles A. Wyly postings on www.rootsweb.ancestry.com from September 30, 2002 and October 11, 2004.
  412. "Hico Poultry Association", The Breckenridge Daily American (Breckenridge, Tex), Vol. 4, No. 92, Ed. 1, Tuesday, October 16, 1923, page 3.
  413. The Bartlett Tribune and News (Bartlett, Tex.), Vol. 38, No. 20, Ed. 1, Friday, January 4, 1924, page 9.
  414. "Yes! We Have No More Football Team", The Meridian Tribune (Meridian, Tex.), Vol. 30, No. 22, Ed. 1 Friday, November 2, 1923, page 5.
  415. Texas Writers of Today, by Florence Elberta Barns, published 1935.
  416. "George Hardy Papers," Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas in Austin.
  417. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 4, Page 447.
  418. "Businessmen find relief at Bluebonnet Country Club" Hico News Review, June 24, 1927.
  419. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 5, Page 37.
  420. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 5, Pages 41 & 43.
  421. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 5, Page 46.
  422. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 5, Page 48.
  423. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 5, Page 53.
  424. Aeronautical Industry, Vol. 14, 1930.
  425. The Bartlett Tribune and News (Bartlett, Tex.), Vol. 41, No. 8, Ed. 1, Friday, October 22, 1926, page 5.
  426. "Erath County Improves Its Dairy Cattle Evening Schools; Interest", The J-TAC (Stephenville, Tex.), Vol. 9, No. 21, Ed. 1 Saturday, March 2, 1929, page 5.
  427. Commercial and Financial Chronicle, Volume 137, page 4319, 1933.
  428. Post on Rootsweb.com by Bill McCarty [whose daughter-in-law is a descendant of the Barrow family of Hico] .
  429. "Skelton of Man Found on Farm Near Hico," August 18, 1933 issue of the Valley Mills Tribune, Valley Mills, Texas.
  430. Bootleg: Murder, Moonshine, and the Lawless Years of Prohibition By Karen Blumenthal.
  431. "John Barleycorn", Wikipedia.
  432. "Woman, Two Men Die in Plane Crash," Pittsburgh Press, June 7, 1934.
  433. "Keeping Up with the Neighbors---Hico", The Meridian Tribune (Meridian, Tex.), Vol. 42, No. 13, Ed. 1 Friday, August 23, 1935, page 2.
  434. "Traveling barber clips around Hico" by Marcy Boyce, Waco Tribune-Herald, February 19, 1983.
  435. "Full Service" by Karla Price, Waco Tribune-Herald, August 31, 1989.
  436. "History of Nursing at Baylor University Medical Center", Proceedings (Baylor University. Medical Center) 2001 October; 14(4): 385-405 by Linda F. Garner, PhD, RN1 and Karen Anne Bufton, MS, RN, C2.
  437. "HUDSPETH, FRANCES B. HELLUMS," Lamar Lentz, Handbook of Texas Online. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  438. "Lynda Bird Will Follow Custom, 'Something Old, Something New,'" December 7, 1967, page 8, Nashua Telegraph, Nashua, New Hampshire.
  439. The Texas Book: Profiles, History, and Reminiscences of the University, edited by Richard A. Holland, "The Woman Who Ran Ransom's University," by Harold Billings, pages 21-34.
  440. The Communicator, May, 1939 .
  441. Comments by Mr. Thompson during a discussion at City Hall, June, 2014.
  442. Comments by Bruce Slaughter during a discussion at City Hall, 2014.
  443. "Woman Succombs to Crash Hurts," Sweetwater Reporter, Vol. 44, No. 55, Ed. 1 Sunday, August 4, 1940.
  444. "Recollections of Reunions in Days Gone By" Hico News Review, July 22, 1982, page 6.
  445. "List of ships of the United States Army", Wikipedia.
  446. Who was who in America with World Notables, Marquis, 1950, page 463.
  447. Flying for the Air Service: The Hughes Brothers in World War I by David K. Vaughan, page 210.
  448. "Russell, Clinton Warden, Brigadier-General (1891 - 1943) (USAAF)" generals.dk website.
  449. Bosque County: Land and People (A History of Bosque County, Texas) Bosque County History Book Committee, 1985, page 645.
  450. "First Hico reunion reunites Confederate soldiers," Centennial Reunion Special Edition, Hico News-Review, page 4.
  451. "Selected Doodlebug Runs in the Southwest", by Ron Dawson, El Paso & Southwester Flyer, May 2011, pages 1 and 2.
  452. "Do You Remember Kal Segrist?", by George Watson, Lubbock Avalanch Journal, July 10, 2005.
  453. The Last Boy: Mickey Mantle and the End of America's Childhood, by Jan Leavy, HarperCollins, Nov 16, 2010.
  454. "Kal Segrist," Wikipedia.
  455. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper, Issue 1260. "Floods of 1952", pages 699-700.
  456. Conversation with Vernon Hyles, November, 2012.
  457. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 6, pages 215, 218 and 221.
  458. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 6, pages 208 and 213.
  459. "Ghost Stories---Walking in Circles," by Sandra Etheridge, The Old House Journal, Vol. 16, No. 5, September/October 1988, pages 21-22, The Lane Press, South Burlington, Vermont.
  460. Letter from Mayor Melton Murff to R. A. Wickham, Department of Health and Human Services, November 13, 1977.
  461. Letter from Mayor Sandra Ethridge to Mr. Charles B. Taylor, Farmers Home Administration dated June 12, 1991.
  462. "No One Wants to be Mayor of Texas Town," The Volusian, Jan. 31, 1989, page 4A.
  463. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 7, May 7, 1990 and May 4, 1992 (no page numbers in the book).
  464. City Council Minutes, Book 5, March 6, 1990 (no page numbers in book).
  465. Letter from Mayor Sandra Ethridge to Mr. Charles B. Taylor, Farmers Home Administration dated February 12, 1992.
  466. Hico City Council Minutes, Book 5, September 14, 1992 (no page numbers in book).
  467. "Thomas Jefferson Hubbert, M.D."History of Texas, pages 502-503, Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Co., 1896 .
  468. "James Rice," author mini-biography published on www.pelicanpub.com website.

Photographs, maps and illustrations listed in order of appearance in the full-length narrative:


  1. Meteor. Stock image, widely published on the internet.
  2. Old Hico Historical Marker. Photograph by Michael Leamons.
  3. Zachariah "Zack" Medford. Image courtesy of Harry & Jo Potter Vallance.
  4. Oldest House in Hico. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  5. Indian Reservations on the Brazos. "Camp Cooper, Ft. Belknap and the Indian Reservations," Texas Almanac, article by written by Mary G. Ramos, editor emerita, for the Texas Almanac 2004-2005.
  6. Comancheria. From map available to the public through Wikipedia Commons.
  7. F. M. "Frank" Collier.
  8. Peter Cartwright Johnson, Sr.
  9. Texas Ranger, "Buck" Barry.
  10. John Rankin Alford. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  11. James M. Reed. Digital image from ancestry.com public tree.
  12. "Uncle" Henry A. Fuller. Digital image found on several ancestry.com family trees.
  13. Kickapoo Men circa 1867. Digital image found on numerous public websites.
  14. John Simpson Chisum. Digital image found on numerous public websites.
  15. Poster for the movie "Chisum" starring John Wayne. Digital image found on numerous public websites.
  16. 1853 Enfield Rifle. Digital image found on numerous public websites.
  17. Col. Ranald Mackenzie. Digital image from www.quanahparkerblancocanyon.com.
  18. Pile of buffalo skulls. Postcard on display at glenbow.org, the website of the Glenbow Museum, Calgary, Alberta.
  19. Dr. H. A. J. Snellings. From public tree at ancestry.com.
  20. Captain "Rube" Segrist. Courtesy of Kal Segrist.
  21. City Vault & Dr. Alford's Safe. Photographs by Michael Leamons.
  22. Tom Stinnett Family. Photo courtesy of Pat Ross.
  23. Horse thieves' tombstone. Photograph by Michael Leamons.
  24. John Wesley Hardin. Photo from Wikipedia, listed as public domain.
  25. Dave Ware (L) & Bill Babb (R). Photo from ancestry.com public tree.
  26. Cattle Trails. U. S. Government map, no copyright.
  27. Eclipse of 1878. American expedition to Wyoming. Pastel drawing by E. L. Trouvelot, Meudon Collection.
  28. Deacon Isaac "Ike" Malone. Image courtesy of Steve Malone.
  29. George Holland Medford. Image courtesy of Harry & Jo Potter Vallance.
  30. Old Barbee Mill remnants. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  31. John Gaston Barbee. From familytreemaker.genealogy.com Barbee submissions by Ed & Jackie Smith.
  32. 1880 Central Texas Railroad. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  33. Railroad Water Tower. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  34. Hico Depot. Locally circulated archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  35. Capt. J. C. Huchingson 1859. From Soldiers and Their Deeds.
  36. Capt. J. C. Huchingson 1907. From Soldiers and Their Deeds.
  37. 1880's Hico Schoolhouse. Photo copied from ebay auction listing.
  38. Hico, Texas 1882. Scan of original photograph by Michael Leamons.
  39. S. W. Farrow. From Soldiers and Their Deeds.
  40. A Bunch of Johnny Rebs. From Soldiers and Their Deeds.
  41. Fairy Fort Felps. From "A Fairy (Texas) Tale" courtesy of Billy Howard.
  42. "Holl" Medford Work Camp. Image courtesy of Harry & Jo Potter Vallance.
  43. Texas Ranger Camp Leona, near Uvalde. Digital image on multiple websites; one site attributed the image to the collection of Mike Cox, Austin, Texas.
  44. 1885 Texas Ranger Company with Corp. B. D. Lindsey. From Wikipedia.org Texas Rangers article.
  45. Thomas B. Mothershead. Courtesy of genealogist Rex Addison.
  46. S. M. N. Marrs from A Memorial and Biographical History of Johnson and Hill Counties, Texas, Lewis Publishing Co., Chicago, 1892.
  47. Star Gables. Photograph by Michael Leamons.
  48. 1880's Baldwin Locomotive, Engine 104. Bosque County Historical Commission Collection.
  49. Judge James E. Keaton. August 2nd 1898 Guthrie Daily Leader in Guthrie Oklahoma
  50. Mayor Daniel Pingree. Photograph posted on Pingree's findagrave.com memorial Judy (Ackridge) Bond.
  51. Missionary Mary Billings. Image from an exhibit at the ANDOVER-HARVARD THEOLOGICAL LIBRARY, 45 Francis Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138.
  52. Joel and Esther Fisher. Digital image found on several ancestry.com family trees.
  53. An older Joel Fisher. Digital image found on several ancestry.com family trees.
  54. Rube Burrow. Rube Burrow, King of Outlaws and his band of train robbers, by G. W. Agee, December, 1890, Publishers, The Henneberry Company, Chicago.
  55. Jim Burrow. Rube Burrow, King of Outlaws and his band of train robbers, by G. W. Agee, December, 1890, Publishers, The Henneberry Company, Chicago.
  56. Rube Burrow in casket. Posted on numerous public websites.
  57. Andrew Johnson Woods. Digital image found on several ancestry.com family trees.
  58. Thomas J. Wood. Digital image found on several ancestry.com family trees.
  59. F. H. Snider Letter, April 17, 1885, first page, on location for a cemetery. Original kept at San Jacinto Museum of History, La Porte, Texas.
  60. Fisher's Opera House. Photograph by Michael Leamons.
  61. Hico Opera Program. Scan of original program by Michael Leamons.
  62. Cattle Milling amidst Fire Debris. Locally circulated archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  63. Midland Hotel. Courtesy of Paul A. Valentine from a Hico photo shoot.
  64. Officer Lee Waller. Fort Worth Police and Fire Fighters Memorial.
  65. William Grubb. Soldiers and Their Deeds, by W. Straley, 1913.
  66. Perkins Park. Courtesy of Brooks Leffler at www.flickr.com.
  67. Passenger Train in Hico. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  68. 1890 Texas Central Schedule.
  69. Fuller Hotel. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  70. Load of timber. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  71. Class of 1899. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  72. 1893 School Building. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  73. Hico Normal College. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  74. Wagon Drawn by Team of Oxen on Pecan Street. Bosque County Historical Commission Collection.
  75. Wiseman House Chocolates. Courtesy of proprietor Kevin Wenzel.
  76. Hico Roller Mills, Interior. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  77. Vincent and Mary Wieser. "Bill's Family History" , by Bill McDonald, family history and photos of the Wiesers, published on the Family Tree Maker website.
  78. The Wieser House. IBID.
  79. 1893 Hico Democrat. Scan of original by Michael Leamons.
  80. 1896 Hico Courier. Scan of original by Michael Leamons.
  81. 1898 Hico Street Scene.
  82. Oil Mill Crew with Christmas Turkeys. Courtesy Kal Segrist.
  83. Campbell Bros. Circus. Scanned copy of a Campbell Bros. Circus Program.
  84. Professor Ben Randals. Photograph from The Plumb Line Laid to the Wall: Or, The Physical Laws Revealed in the Sacred Scriptures.
  85. Randal Bros. Store, 1915. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  86. Dr. J. H. Wysong and the Hico Orchestra. Photo republished in the July 22, 1982, Hico News Review, page 4.
  87. Physics Laboratory. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  88. Evangelist Mordecai Ham. Image from 50 years on the battle front with Christ; a biography of Mordecai F. Ham by Edward Everett Ham.
  89. Renovated City Hall. Photograph by Michael Leamons.
  90. Baseball ad, Abilene Daily Reporter. (Abilene, Tex.), Vol. 10, No. 49, Ed. 1 Wednesday, August 23, 1905, page 3.
  91. 1913 Hico Baseball Team. Scan of historic photo in the 101st Old Settlers Reunion Issue of the Hico News Review.
  92. Confederate Reunion Photo, from Hamilton County, Texas Gazetteer.
  93. John M. Waller from Soldiers and Their Deeds.
  94. Orient Buckboard. Motor Car Magazine, 1915 ad.
  95. Hico Bar. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  96. All Soul's Universalist and St. Mary's Catholic Church. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  97. A Big Day at the Wm. Connolly Building. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  98. J. J. Leeth Family Picking Cotton. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  99. Weighing Cotton in the Field. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  100. Cotton Gin, Hico, Texas. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  101. Hico Street Cotton Market. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  102. Compress and Freight Yards. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  103. Industrial Activity in 1908. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  104. A boll weevil. The boll weevil: Information concerning its life history and habits, By Wilmon Newell, the Times Publishing Company, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, page 6.
  105. "Boll Weevil," performed by Tex Ritter & Mantan Moreland, posted on youtube.com.
  106. Fire Company Foot Race. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  107. Hico Commercial Band. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  108. First Street with Fire Department Bell Tower. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  109. Billings House in Flood of 1908. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  110. April, 1908 Flood. Bosque County Historical Commission Collection.
  111. Flood Damaged Railroad Bridge. Scanned image of a Wiseman Studio Postcard.
  112. Richard's & Pringle's Famous Minstrels poster. Minstrel Poster Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA
    # Artifacts. Image from "Archaeological Bulletin*", Vol. 7, No. 4, page 104a.
  113. James A. Parkerson. Image from Pioneer Sketches: Nebraska and Texas, by W. Straley, Hico, Texas, Hico Printing Company,1915.
  114. William Wilson Straley. Image from Paragraphs from a Collector's Note-Book, by William Wilson Straley, 1908.
  115. Saturday in Hico. Locally circulated archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  116. Hico Ice & Cold Storage Bag. Photograph from ebay.com auction.
  117. Shipment to the Dodge Dealer. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  118. Hico WWI Service Members. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  119. Tom Wood's Letters. Photo by Dave Ryan of the Beaumont Enterprise.
  120. Clipping, "Classifieds", San Antonio Express. (San Antonio, Tex.), Vol. 54, No. 278, Ed. 1 Wednesday, October 8, 1919, page 20.
  121. Texas Centennial Half Dollar. Image from Wikipedia.com, no copyright.
  122. Editor Aiton and Newspaper Sons, Brownwood Bulletin (Brownwood, Tex.), Vol. 24, No. 126, Ed. 1 Tuesday, March 11, 1924, page 5.
  123. Clipping, "Yes! We Have No More Football Team", The Meridian Tribune (Meridian, Tex.), Vol. 30, No. 22, Ed. 1 Friday, November 2, 1923, page 5.
  124. Review Club. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  125. George Hardy. Scan from the U.T. yearbook, "The Cactus".
  126. Airplane at Blair Field. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  127. Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow. Image found on numerous websites.
  128. Midland Barber Shop and J. C. Prater at work. Courtesy of Anita Mueller.
  129. Video of Downtown Hico 1938. Courtesy of www.texasarchive.org.
  130. S.S. Brigadier General Clinton W. Russell. Photo from ROTOR Magazine, Summer, 2009.
  131. Hico in the 40's. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  132. Katy's M-12 "Doodlebug". Photograph from Katy Southwest by John McCall & Frank Schultz.
  133. Mail Bag at the tracks in Clairette. Courtesy of Pat Ross.
  134. Kal Segrist, Jr.. Courtesy of Baseball-Birthdays.net.
  135. Depot Destroyed by Fire. Local archive of digitally scanned Hico photographs.
  136. Old Railroad Bridge over Jack Hollow. Photograph by Michael Leamons.
  137. "Brushy" Bill Roberts. Stock photo, widely published on the internet.
  138. Billy the Kid. Stock photo, widely published on the internet.
  139. Billy the Kid Statue. Photo from the original Hico Chamber of Commerce website.
  140. Donald Webb's Buggy. February,1996 cover of Texas Co-op Magazine.
  141. Hico 2011 EDC Plan. Courtesy of the Hico EDC.

Page 1, Intro........
Page 2, 1854-1869
Page 3, 1870-1882
Page 4, 1882-1889
Page 5, 1890-1899
Page 6, 1903-1908
Page 7, 1908-1932
Page 8, 1933-2011

 

 

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